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Theatre Arts IB
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IBTA YEAR 2 FINAL
Practical Performance Proposal
Theatre Performance & Production Presentation
Grotowski was born in 1933 in the city of Rzeszow in southeastern Poland
In 1955 Grotowski graduated from the State Higher School of Theatre in Krakow with a degree in acting.
He went on to study directing at the Lunacharsky Institute of Theatre Arts (GITIS) in Moscow in 1955-1956
’s rhythm exercises
’s investigations of extroversive and introversive reactions
Stanislavski’s work on
’s bio-mechanical training
Training techniques of oriental theater, such as the
Japenese Noh Theatre
Theatre is an encounter between creative people.
Goal is not to ‘educate’ the actor, but to eliminate his organism’s resistance to ‘this psychic process’. The result is freedom from the time-lapse between inner impulse and outer reaction in such a way that the impulse is already an outer reaction.
Grotowski calls his theatre a “laboratory”. In his “theatre laboratory” the productions:
-avoid eclecticism, trying to resist thinking of theater as a composite of disciplines.
-are detailed investigations of the actor-audience relationship. Grotowski considers the personal and scenic technique of the actor as the core of
Grotowski’s Statement of Principles
RICH THEATRE VS POOR THEATRE
Rich in Flaws
Synthetic, contemporary theatre.
Tries to escape the impasse presented by movies and TV.
Depends on artistic kleptomania, drawing from other disciplines, constructing hybrid-spectacles, conglomerates without backbone or integrity, yet presented as organic artwork.
THIS is what Grotowski proposes.
Strip theater of all that is not essential to it.
Find the proper spectator-actor relationship, eliminate lighting effects, make up, music not produced by the actor, etc.
Costumes should have no autonomous value. Actors should use their own body as a craft.
1971 - Appointed Full Professor of the Ecole Supérieure d'Art Dramatique in Marseille
1972 - State Award 1st class in the realm of art for "creative activities with the Laboratory Theatre on staging and research into the art of acting"; Diploma of Merit from the National Museum of the USA "for exceptional contributions to the development of world theatre";
1973 - Creation of the American Institution for Research and Studies into the Oeuvre of Jerzy Grotowski, whose primary objective was to "popularize Grotowski's artistic discoveries and ideas in the USA"; Honorary Doctorate of the University of Pittsburgh;
1975 - Winner of a Wroclaw City Prize for "his creative activities in the realm of theatre"
1985 - Honorary Doctorate of the University of Chicago
1991 - Honorary Doctorate of the University of Wroclaw
1997 - Professor of the College de France
- Grotowski revolutionized theater and is considered, along with his first apprentice,
, a father of contemporary experimental theatre.
- He influenced such U.S. experimental theatre movements as
The Living Theatre
, and the Performance Group.
- Grotowski’s theories are taught in the
experimental theater wing
at NYU’s Tisch.
Towards a Poor Theatre.
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